Aside from tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), there are other cannabinoids found in cannabis plants. Two of which are cannabidiol (CBD) and cannabigerol (CBG). CBD and CBG are often compared due to some similarities they have.
If you want to know more about CBG and CBD, we’ve gathered some information about them, including what they are and the benefits they offer.
What Is CBD?
Cannabidiol or CBD is among the active compounds in cannabis plants. It is non-psychoactive, unlike THC, so it will not make you high when you consume it. Despite that, it shares many medical benefits with THC. This allows people to receive medical benefits without the “stoned” feeling afterward.
In the past few years, the interest in CBD products has grown, mainly due to their benefits.
Some of the products that have exploded in popularity include:
- Oils and Tinctures: These products come in a liquid form and are usually consumed under the tongue using a dropper. They can also be mixed with food and drinks. Oils and tinctures are among the best options for people who have difficulty swallowing pills and capsules.
- Skin Care: There are skin care products, including oils, creams, salves, and lotions, infused with CBD. These products are formulated to help relieve pain and treat different skin conditions.
- Pills and Capsules: CBD pills and capsules are another among the products that have risen in popularity. The drawback of using these is that they take a while before taking effect.
- Edibles: Edibles containing doses of CBD are a convenient and discreet way of consumption. One of the good things about edibles is that you are fully controlling the dose you are taking.
- Vaping: When it comes to smoking and vaping, there are concentrates and other products with high levels of CBD available. These products are known for their potency and increased effectiveness for some people.
Benefits of CBD
Here are the benefits that people can get from CBD-infused products:
1. It has neuroprotective properties.
Researchers believe that CBD may benefit people suffering from neurological disorders because it can act on brain signaling systems and the endocannabinoid system. According to a 2014 study, the use of Sativex — a CBD-based mouth spray — reduced muscle spasms in 75% of the 276 people observed in the study.
The findings of a study published in the Journal of Epilepsy Research proved that people diagnosed with Dravet Syndrome or Lenox-Gastaut Syndrome experienced a decrease in the frequency of seizures after receiving a specific dose of CBD.
2. It reduces acne and other skin conditions.
Due to its inflammatory properties, a 2016 study suggests that CBD can effectively treat acne and other skin conditions. A 2014 study suggests that CBD oils regulate the production of sebum — the oily, waxy substance that causes facial acne.
3. It alleviates cancer-related symptoms.
One study published in the Journal of Pain and Symptom Management observed the effects of CBD on cancer patients who do not experience relief from pain medications. The results showed that people who received specific doses of both CDB and THC experienced a significant reduction in pain compared to those who exclusively received THC.
4. It reduces depression and anxiety.
Some animal studies suggest that CBD has antidepressant effects. When it comes to research in humans, CBD is said to benefit children suffering from anxiety and insomnia brought about by post-traumatic stress disorder.
5. It helps relieve pain.
The use of Sativex relieved pain inflicted by movement and stagnation in people diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis. The sleep quality also improved, according to a 2005 study.
There are still other benefits of CBD, including:
- Heart Health Benefits
- Anti-Psychotic Effects
- Anti-Tumor Effects
What Is CBG?
Cannabigerol, or CBG, is obtained from hemp and other cannabis plant strains, typically those containing low levels of THC and high levels of CBD. Like CBD, CBG is also a non-psychoactive type of cannabinoid.
Unlike CBD, there aren’t many products containing CBG available on the market today. Some of the most common ones you may find are CBG oils. These are rare and expensive.
Benefits of CBG
The benefits of CBG from hemp and other cannabis strains are the following:
1. It helps treat glaucoma.
According to a 2009 study published in the Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics, CBG has potential therapeutic benefits for those with glaucoma. The test subjects in the study were cats, and there was a significant reduction in their eye pressure after applying CBG.
2. It helps treat Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD).
The findings of an experimental animal study suggest that CBG has potential benefits for treating inflammatory bowel disease. They found that administering a specific dose of CBG reduced the production of nitric oxide and inflammation in mice.
3. It has antibacterial properties.
CBG is also known to help treat staph infections caused by staphylococcus bacteria found on the skin and nose. This benefit is mainly due to the antibacterial properties of CBG, according to a 2020 study titled, “Uncovering the Hidden Antibiotic Potential of Cannabis.”
The other benefits that CBG offers are:
- It slows the proliferation of cancer cells.
- It helps treat Huntington’s Disease.
CBG vs. CBD: The Differences
Aside from the therapeutic benefits they offer, there aren’t many differences between CBG and CBD.
One of the most distinct differences between them is that CBD is much more abundant, which explains why there aren’t many CBG products on the market. Cannabis plants contain approximately 25% to 30% of CBD and only about 1% of CBG.
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We offer an array of recreational and medical products. For inquiries, don’t hesitate to contact us or visit our dispensary in the Frisco, CO, area. Call us today!